בשל "הגנת זכויות יוצרים" מובא להלן קישור לתקציר המאמר. לקריאתו בטקסט מלא, אנא פנה/י לספרייה הרפואית הזמינה לך.
The association between hypertension and epistaxis has long been a subject of debate.
We evaluate the risk of epistaxis in patients with hypertension using a nationwide population cohort and to assess the association of hypertension with the methods of managing cases of epistaxis.
In this retrospective cohort study, a hypertension cohort and comparison cohort were built using the Korean National Health Insurance Service–National Sample Cohort that represents the entire population of the Republic of Korea from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2015.
The hypertension cohort comprised 35 749 patients with a record of 3 or more prescriptions of antihypertensive medication and a diagnosis of hypertension (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision code I10).
Patients with other diseases associated with epistaxis, such as sinonasal tumors, facial trauma, bleeding tendency, and coagulation disorder, as well as those taking anticoagulant medications, were excluded.
A comparison cohort comprised 35 749 individuals without hypertension matched sociodemographically in a 1:1 ratio.
Statistical analysis was performed from January 1, 2019, to March 31, 2020.