בשל "הגנת זכויות יוצרים" מובא להלן קישור לתקציר המאמר. לקריאתו בטקסט מלא, אנא פנה/י לספרייה הרפואית הזמינה לך.
The implications of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation for hearing impairment remain unknown. Many studies on this topic have failed to account for attrition among smokers in their findings.
We assess the association of cigarette smoking patterns with audiometric and speech-in-noise hearing measures among participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.
This cross-sectional study included participant
ts of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study from 4 US communities. The analysis includes data from visit 1 (1987-1989) through visit 6 (2016-2017); data were analyzed from March 16 through June 25, 2021. Audiometric hearing and speech-in-noise testing was offered to all participants at visit 6.
Participants with incomplete audiometric data or missing data for educational level, body mass index, drinking status, a diabetes or hypertension diagnosis, or occupational noise were excluded.
In addition, individuals were excluded if they self-reported as having other than Black or White race and ethnicity, or if they self-reported as having Black race or ethnicity and lived in 2 predominantly White communities.