In-office biopsies (IOB) using local anaesthetic for laryngopharyngeal tumours has become an increasingly popular approach since the advent of distal chip endoscopes.
Although a wide range of studies advocate use in clinical practice, the widespread application of the procedure is hampered by concerns regarding diagnostic accuracy.
We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of IOB performed via flexible endoscopy. In addition, to analyse modifiable factors that may affect diagnostic accuracy of IOB.
A systematic review following the PRISMA guidelines was conducted. PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and CINAHL were used in the literature database search.
Quality assessment of included studies was perfomed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.