בשל "הגנת זכויות יוצרים" מובא להלן קישור לתקציר המאמר. לקריאתו בטקסט מלא, אנא פנה/י לספרייה הרפואית הזמינה לך.
The auditory system is particularly vulnerable to blast injury due to the ear's role as a highly sensitive pressure transducer.
Over the past several decades, studies have used a variety of animal models and experimental procedures to recreate blast-induced acoustic trauma. Given the developing nature of this field and our incomplete understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying blast-related auditory disturbances, an updated discussion about these studies is warranted.
Here, we comprehensively review well-established blast-related auditory pathology including tympanic membrane perforation and hair cell loss.
In addition, we discuss important mechanistic studies that aim to bridge gaps in our current understanding of the molecular and microstructural events underlying blast-induced cochlear, auditory nerve, brainstem, and central auditory system damage.
Key findings from the recent literature include the association between endolymphatic hydrops and cochlear synaptic loss, blast-induced neuroinflammatory markers in the peripheral and central auditory system, and therapeutic approaches targeting biochemical markers of blast injury. We conclude that blast is an extreme form of noise exposure.
Blast waves produce cochlear damage that appears similar to, but more extreme than, the standard noise exposure protocols used in auditory research.
However, experimental variations in studies of blast-induced acoustic trauma make it challenging to compare and interpret data across studies.