בשל "הגנת זכויות יוצרים" מובא להלן קישור לתקציר המאמר. לקריאתו בטקסט מלא, אנא פנה/י לספרייה הרפואית הזמינה לך.
Although unified airway disease (UAD) may have heritable components, genetic changes involving coexistent chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are not well understood.
Genetic predisposition is stronger in patients with CRS with nasal polyps compared with those without nasal polyps (CRSsNP). Genetic factors account for 25% to 80% of asthma risk and 90% of allergic rhinitis risk but risk contributions are not well described for CRS.
Susceptibility genes identified in coexistent CRS-asthma relate to innate and adaptive immunity, cytokine signaling, tissue remodeling, arachidonic acid metabolism, and other proinflammatory pathways.
Non-type 2 UAD such as CRS-bronchitis/bronchiectasis and CRSsNP are currently inadequately characterized.